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TIPS and TRICKS for NEET PG- Preparing Pathology


TIPS and TRICKS for NEET PG- Preparing Pathology
Preparing for NEET PG is a daunting task. In the scenario of extreme competition and vast courses, focused study is the key.
Approach to study and memorize the entire guide books may prove time consuming and daunting for a student. Indeed, it definitely creates a value addition and adds to the knowledge base of the student,  but for an exam point of view, it would be quite effective to focus on high yielding topics,especially at the revision stage.
Students who are preparing for the Pathology Courses, here are some popular topics, focus on which may help the Pathology aspirants to get more marks.
GENERAL PATHOLOGY
●Necrosis
● Apoptosis
#Genes (apoptotic and anti-apoptotic)
#Mechanism (Intrinsic pathway/Extrinsic Pathway)
● Pyroptosis and necrptosis* (9/e robbins)
●Sirtuin and ageing*
●cellular and vascular events of inflammation ( more emphasis on mechanism of vascular permeability)
●Inflammatory mediators (Arachidonic acid metabolite)
●Granulomatous inflammation
●Phagocytosis
●wound healing with day wise changes in healing process.
●stem cells.
● Genes:-
#transposons
#MicroRNA
#LINC RNA
#Polymorphic genes (SNP; Microsattelite;minisatellite)
● Uniparental disomy
● Dominant negative effect
● Unclassic inheritance (special emphasis on Genomic Imprinting; Mitochondrial inheritance)
●Microarray based CGH (comparative Genomic hybridisation)
● MLPA (multiplex ligation associated probe amplification)
●PCR and FISH and their variants for diagnosis.
●Karyotyping and trisomies like Down /turner /klinefelters syndrome….
●Pattern recognition receptors (#from 9/e robbins)
●T Cells and their role in Antibody production.
●APC
●MHC
●Mechanism of Autoimmunity
●SLE/Sjogren synd/scleroderma/inflammatory myopathy/ MCTD
●Graft rejections/GVHD
●Amyloidosis
●HIV
●Tumor suppressor gene like P53 /retinoblastoma etc..
●Protoncogene and their mutation associated cancers.
●tumor markers
●Cancer diagnostic methods like FNAC/Flow cytometry/ immunohistochemistry…
●infarction and embolism.
●Fixatives of choices for histopath/EM/karyotyping etc.
●Special stains.
HEMATOLOGY
● Hemophilia
●Protocols for coagulation test/anticoagulants of choices.
●APLA (antiphospholipid antibody syndrome)
●Acquired factor inhibitors
●platelet functional defect disorders.
●HUS/TTP/ITP
●Anemia
#hereditary spherocytosis
#AIHA
#PNH
#Sickle cell anemia
#Thalassemia
#sideroblastic anemia
#IDA
#Megaloblastic anemia
#anemia of Chronic disease
●Reticulocytes /count and uses
●Bone marrow biopsy sites
●Leukemia/lymphoma:
#ALL (Prognosis)
#AML ( latest classification )
#CML
#CLL
#BURKITTS Lymphoma
#Multiple Myeloma and plasma cell disorders
#Hairy cell leukemia (specially immunophenotyping)
#Langerhans cell histiocytosis
●Flow cytometry and its uses.
SYSTEMIC PATHOLOGY
●Nephrotic syndrome genes and disorders.
●Renal disorders:
#PSGN vs IgA
#RPGN
#Alport synd
#MGN vs MPGN
#FSGS
#Fibronectin nephropathy
#Diabetic nephropathy
#cystic disorders ( ADPKD/Medullary spong vs medullary cystic disease)
#Renal cell cancers
#wilms tumor n Neuroblastoma
●ARDS
●Asthma
●COPD (emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
●Asbestosis ( and related cancers)
●TB vs Sarcoidosis
●Lung cancers and their histology
●Atherosclerosis vs Aneurysm
●MI changes and biochemical markers
●IE and endocarditis (DUKES criteria)
●RHD
●Kaposi sarcoma
●Cardiac tumors
●Mallory weiss vs boerhaav rupture
●Hirschprung disease
●Baretts esophagus microscopy
●Esophageal cancer and risk factors
●GIST/Lymphoma and gastric cancers
●Menetriers disease
●Celiac /whipple/ and other malabsorption synd
●Ulcerative colitis vs Crohns disease
●Neronal response to injury
#rosenthal fibres
#Red neurons
#alzheimer type 2 astrocytes
● Chiari malformation vs Dandy walker
●Neuronal heterotopias
●CSF analysis in various meningitis
●Prions disease
●Multipls sclerosis
●Alzheimers /Parkinsons /Huntington disorders
●Brain tumors
#JPA
#glioblastoma
#Meningioma
#medulloblastoma
#Schwannoma
#primary CNS Lymphoma
●phakomatosis (neurocutaneous synd)
●Carcinoids
●Sarcomas and Rhabdomyosarcoma
*  If you believe an important topic has been missed in the list above, please mention in the comments section below
Reference book for Pathology:-
#Robbins 9/e ( for standard reference)
Note:- .
  • Try to focus on important topics and chapters from the book.
  • Always try to countercheck them with standard text books.
  • Don’t go for many other multiple books written by non specialist and may confuse you and waste your time.
  • Try to revise your class notes maximum.

The author, Dr Mukesh Bhatia is a renowned medical educationist, having experience in the medical education sector for more than 35 years and is currently the Chairman of Dr Bhatia Medical Institute, one of the  most prominent PG Medical Coaching Institutes in India. 


Source: self
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